The DART line in parts of Dublin is in danger of falling into the sea, according to council climate reports published recently.
The four local authorities in Dublin have each drawn up their own Climate Change Action Plan to highlight what will be needed to tackle the effects of climate change in the years to come.
Although Wicklow County Council was not involved in the process, the findings would also affect the line between Bray and Greystones potentially causing untold environmental damage and putting at risk tens of thousands of jobs.
Potential issues to the DART line were mentioned in two reports – Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown (DLR) and Dublin City Council (DCC).
“Damage to critical infrastructure and housing from coastal flooding and sea level rise. This results in economic and social risks to Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown, especially since some housing and major infrastructure (roads, DART lines) are along the coast,” the DLR plan states.
This is the reality of the serious impact of climate change
A similar finding is stated in the DCC report.
“All infrastructure and property located in close proximity to the coast is at risk of flood damage from sea level rise and increasing storm surge events,” Green Party Councillor Steven Matthews told the Wicklow Voice.
“This is the reality of the serious impact of climate change, imagine the traffic chaos in the greater Dublin area if rail services have to be suspended for a prolonged period of time due to flooding or damage to the network.”
DLR’s report states that sea levels in Dublin Bay appears to be rising at a rate faster than had first been predicted – almost double the global average in the past 20 years.
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In addition, extreme weather events driven by climate change are already impacting DLR “at a significant rate, and are very likely to increase in their frequency and intensity”, its climate change action plan concludes.
prioritise nature-based flood defences where possible
Over the next five years the council “will prioritise nature-based flood defences where possible”. However, there are “certain areas not suited to soft solutions”, such as parts of the Loughlinstown river, the plan states.
Therefore, the council is building physical flood defences that take into consideration current and future risks.
Other risks associated with a rise in sea levels outlined in the DLR report include:
- Increased pressure on sanitation systems – increased flood risk on land, increased risk for wastewater treatment plants and sewage pumping stations.
- An increase in coastal erosion and deposition risk.
- Destruction and alteration of coastal and marine ecosystems.
These could have a massive impact on north Wicklow – already the former landfill dump situated to the north of Bray Harbour has been falling into the sea.
Furthermore, any pollution of Dublin Bay or its environs is likely to spill over into Killiney Bay and by extension Bray Seafront. The DCC report outlines similar risks and both reports predict that the Captial will need a new major water source by 2025, based on the projection of growth in the Greater Dublin Area.
DCC will be committing a ‘certain amount’ of waste to the thermal treatment plant in Ringsend.
All four reports say that extreme weather events will also pose ‘significant risks’ to assets such as electricity infrastructure. Projected increases in temperature, wind speeds, cold snaps and rainfall will put a stress on the built environment and residential developments.
They will also put a stress on the transport networks, which may lead to disruption of transport services during extreme events in the future.
The Fingal County Council report states that modifications to road and rail routes have the potential to negatively impact biodiversity.
“Any potential impacts of on-going or proposed road or rail projects should be considered,” it says.
This includes proposed road projects and changes to the DART lines.